How to describe the landscape with interesting scenery vocabulary.
Often at the edge of the sea there are cliffs (high mountains), which give a great view over the sea. But they can also be dangerous, especially if they are eroded, when rocks and earth fall away into the sea. Most people prefer sandy beaches rather than pebble beaches (beaches with small stones). Sometimes, behind sandy beaches you can see sand dunes – areas of sand that the wind blows into small hills. Often, different types of grasses grow in the sand dunes.
The coastline can be straight, or it can have bays which are often semi-circular in shape. It's often possible to walk along the coastline, along a coastal path.
Mountain ranges are spectacular as you can often see snow-capped peaks against the skyline. From the top of a mountain (the summit or the peak), there are breathtaking views. Not much grows on mountains, as generally the terrain (ground) is rocky, but the air is often pure. However, the valleys (low areas encircled by the mountains) are more fertile. Where the mountains are steep, farmers often create terraces – they create a series of level areas linked by steps so that they can grow crops even on mountains and hills.
From the foothills of the mountains (the small hills nearest mountains), the scenery inland tends to be less dramatic with rolling hills and open countryside. You can find more farmland, but also forests or woods (smaller forests). The land is generally irrigated by rivers or lakes (areas of water which are enclosed) and streams (narrow paths of water).
In the UK, between fields you can often see hedges (or hedgerows) – a natural barrier created by small trees and plants which grow close together. Often hedges are hundreds of years old, and they provide shelter for birds and other wildlife.
In some countries, there are vast areas of open, flat land called plains (or prairies) which are used to grow various crops such as wheat (the grain used to make flour for bread.)
Scenery Vocabulary Quiz
Level: Pre-intermediate and above
- A valley is the low ground between hills.
- A stream is like a very small river. (It's often narrow and shallow, while a river can be wide and deep.)
- The peak (or summit) of a mountain is the highest part of the mountain.
- A wood is a small forest, often with different types of trees.
- A cliff is like a rock wall between the land and the sea. It's often very high and it can be dangerous.
- Mud (adjective ''muddy'') is when the earth becomes very wet and sticky.
- A pebble is a small, smooth stone. You often find pebbles on a beach, or near a river.
- A bay is the part of the coastline which goes inland. It's often in the form of a semi-circle (like the letter ''c'').
- A meadow is a field of grass (for farm animals to eat), often next to a river. A canal is a man-made river (in a straight line) used for irrigation or transport.
- A pond is a small lake. For example, some people have a ''fishpond'' in their garden.
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