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How to pronounce dates and numbers in English

Dates
In English, we can say dates either with the day before the month, or the month before the day:
"The first of January" / "January the first".

Remember to use ordinal numbers for dates in English.
(The first, the second, the third, the fourth, the fifth, the twenty-second, the thirty-first etc.)

Years
For years up until 2000, separate the four numbers into two pairs of two:
1965 = "nineteen sixty-five"
1871 = "eighteen seventy-one"
1999 = "nineteen ninety-nine"

For the decade 2001 – 2010, you say "two thousand and —-" when speaking British English:
2001 = "two thousand and one"
2009 = "two thousand and nine"

However, from 2010 onwards you have a choice.
For example, 2012 can be either "two thousand and twelve" or "twenty twelve".

Large numbers
Divide the number into units of hundreds and thousands:
400,000 = "four hundred thousand" (no s plural)

If the number includes a smaller number, use "and" in British English:
450,000 = "four hundred and fifty thousand"
400,360 = "four hundred thousand and three hundred and sixty"

Fractions, ratios and percentages
½ = "one half"
1/3 = "one third"
¼ = "one quarter"
1/5 = "one fifth"
1/ 6 = "one sixth"
3/5 = "three fifths"

1.5% = "one point five percent"
0.3% = "nought / zero point three percent"

2:1 = "two to one"

Saying 0
Depending on the context, we can pronounce zero in different ways:
2-0 (football) = "Two nil"
30 – 0 (tennis) = "Thirty love"
604 7721 (phone number) = "six oh four…"
0.4 (a number) = "nought point four" or "zero point four"
0C (temperature) = "zero degrees"

Talking about calculations in English
+ (plus)
= (equals / makes)
2 + 1 = 3 ("two plus one equals / makes three")
– (minus / take away)
5 – 3 = 2 ("five minus three equals two" / "five take away three equals two")
x (multiplied by / times)
2 x 3 = 6 ("two multiplied by three equals six" / "two times three equals six")
/ (divided by)
6 / 3 = 2 ("six divided by three equals two")




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39 comments

mohamed owais
Thank you a lot
me1
thaaaanx))
chouchou
tks a lot
Aslasndado
Very useful info. Thanx :-) But how to pronounce 1-3 December?
Clare
"From the first to the third of December".
Aslandado
Thank you Clare )
med jr
thank you for your help
Teresita
Thanks, Gracias....
Nayem
thanks :)
ravindran.r
useful...
paula
Great!!! love it...
nipun
it's most important thing thank so much
GRAÇA RODRIGUES
VERY USEFUL. THANKS
Joey
Helpful!
Lily
So clear¡ thanks
jenu v
Very use full.. thank you
Chez
I was taught to say zero when speaking a phone number or zip code because "oh" is a letter.
Clare
Both are correct, although I think that it's more common to say "zero" in American English. In British English we also say "zero", but often say "oh".
Alexander
Very useful, I always have had a problem with pronunciation of dates and numbers. Going to learn it by heart :) Greetings from Russia and thanks!
anil
Thanks a lot, one detail is missing though, 1907 is pronounced as "nineteen oh seven"
Timothy
Very helpful....thank you vey much..........greetings from Zambia
malak
that was very helpful thanks
Baback D.
Thanks a lot, I've always had problems with pronouncing numbers. Best of wishes
F?rid
superb, great job
Seth Awiakye
Thanks a lot
sammani
I need to know how to pronounce 1900.?anyway thanks for others.
Clare
You say it as "nineteen hundred".
Gulmira
how to pronounce 243586?
Clare
Two hundred and forty-three thousand, five hundred and eighty six.
Kvrrao
Thanks
Vishwakarma Ritesh
very very very much thanksSir , can 1905 be pronounced as "nineteen o five"
Clare
Yes!
OREST SIMON
THANKS A LOT
Glyn Anderson
Oh or zero in a number? You can use either. Glenn Miller used both in his song Pennsylvania 65000. "Pennsylvania, six, five-thousand, Pennsylvania, six, five-oh-oh-oh"
ALFREDO
VERY GOOD EXPLANATIONS, THANKS.
kamesh
It is very useful to teach my students... Thank you very much
Rajanikant
What about 1908
Clare
"Nineteen - oh - eight."
Milja
Thanks a lot.This is really helpful.

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