English Grammar: There Is, There Are, Some, Any

In English grammar we use "there is" or "there are" to talk about things we can see and things that exist.

We use “there is” for singular and uncountable nouns, and we use “there are” for plural countable nouns.

“There are five people in the office.” (plural countable noun)

“There's a television in the living room.” (singular countable noun)

or “There's some milk in the fridge.” (uncountable noun)

See our page on English nouns for more information about countable and uncountable nouns.

Using "some"

With plural countable nouns we can either give the quantity (“five people”) or use “some” if we don't know the exact quantity.

There are five people in the office.” (We can see five people exactly)

There are some people in the office.” (We don't know exactly how many people)

With uncountable nouns we also use “some”.

There's some milk in the fridge,” (I don't know the exact quantity.)

There's some money in my wallet.” (I don't know exactly how much money.)

Remember: with singular countable nouns we use a/an, the, or another determiner or pronoun – not “some”.

There's a woman in the shop.”

There's the woman who works in the hospital.”

There's my sister in the photo.”

Negative form and using "any"

There are two ways to form the negative.

1. Add not or n't to the end of the verb. See our page on the verb to be for more information on forming negatives and questions.

"There isn't a freezer in the kitchen." (singular, countable noun)

"There isn't any money in my wallet." (uncountable noun)

"There aren't any students" in the classroom. (plural noun)

For uncountable nouns, use “any” after the negative “isn't”, and for plural countable nouns use “any” after “aren't”.

Remember: Do not use "any" with singular countable nouns.
"There isn't a single biscuit left in the packet." (Not "There isn't any single biscuit left in the packet.")

2. Use "no" after "there is" or "there are".

"There is no freezer in the kitchen." (singular countable noun)

"There are no students in the classroom." (plural noun)

"There's no coffee left." (uncountable noun)

However, it's more common to use "isn't + a" for singular countable nouns, "isnt + any" for countable nouns and "aren't + any" for plural nouns.

If you need more help with English grammar, see our page on some and any for more information.

Question form

To make a question, change the word order from subject-verb to verb-subject:

There is a + singular noun = Is there a + singular noun?

There is some + uncountable noun = Is there any + uncountable noun?

There are some + plural noun = Are there any + uncountable noun?

"Is there a toilet on this train?"

"Is there any time to go shopping?"

"Are there any trains to London this morning?"

Short answer form

Yes, there is. / No there isn't.

Yes there are. / No there aren't.

There is, there are, some, any exercise

Click the Start button below to begin the exercise. For each question, select the missing word from the choices. Then click the arrow on the right to go to the next question.
Start

Congratulations - you have completed There is, there are, some, any exercise.

You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%.

Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%


Your answers are highlighted below.
Return
Shaded items are complete.
12345
678910
End
Return

Back to the main English Course page





Get a FREE English Short Story!


Like to learn English? Join 19,600+ people who read our newsletter and get more help with:
✓ Speaking
✓ Vocabulary
✓ Real Life English

We won't share your email address and you can unsubscribe any time.